17 December: In a year, the 17th of December is the 351st day as per the Gregorian Calendar. In a leap year, it is the 352nd day of the year.
What special day is today?
On this day, the first Atlas intercontinental ballistic missile was launched, the United States, Canada, and Mexico signed the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and the publication of Vogue started in New York.
Famous birthdays include Francis (the Pope), W.L. Mackenzie King, and Syed Mushtaq Ali.
December 17 also marks ‘International Day to End Violence Against Sex Workers’.
Let’s explore what happened today.
What Happened Today? On This Day in History: 17 December
Art & Artists
- 1910 – Sy Oliver, the American jazz composer, trumpeter, and bandleader was born in Michigan. He was a leading arranger for nearly two decades (the 1930s and ’40s).
- 1989 – After being telecasted as a cartoon short, The Simpsons (the animated television series) launched as a Christmas special. In 1990 it turned into a weekly series.
Science & Technology
- 1938 – Discovery of the nuclear fission of uranium (heavy element) by Otto Hah. It helped to harness nuclear energy, scientifically and technologically.
- 1957 – The first Atlas intercontinental ballistic missile was launched successfully by the US at Cape Canaveral, Florida.
Leaders & Politics
- 1992 – The United States, Canada, and Mexico signed the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). In 2020, NAFTA was replaced by the United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement.
- 2014 – Diplomatic relations were established again between the United States and Cuba re-established which was suspended for over 50 years.
People & Society
- 1760 – Deborah Sampson, a revolutionary soldier from America was born. She despised herself as a man to facilitate her joining the 4th Massachusetts Regiment.
- 1892 – The publication of Vogue started in New York. An immensely significant fashion and lifestyle magazine from America was at first come out as a weekly high-society journal.
Disasters: Natural & Man-made
- 1961 – Over 500 died as a nasty fire broke out at the time of a circus show (by the Gran Circus Norte-Americano) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
- 1973 – Terrorists from Palestine attacked Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport, Rome. The incident took 30 lives.
- 2009 – Over 28,000 animals and 44 people died as MV Danny F II sank near the Lebanese.
Discoveries & Explorations
- 1969 – The United States Air Force closes Project Blue Book, a code name used for a mission to study UFOs.
Leisure & Sports
- 1927 – Don Bradman, the Australian cricketer scored a century (118 runs) in his first 1st-class match at the Adelaide Oval against South Australia. He played for the NSW team.
- 1927 – Bill Ponsford scored 437 runs for Victoria in their match against Queensland. Victoria ended their inning with a massive score of 793 runs.
Birth Anniversaries (17 December)
- 1734 – Maria I (Queen, Portugal)
- 1874 – W.L. Mackenzie King (Prime minister, Canada)
- 1914 – Syed Mushtaq Ali (Cricketer, India)
- 1936 – Francis (Pope)
- 1978 – Manny Pacquiao (Boxer turned Politician, Philippines)
Death Anniversaries (17 December)
- 1930 – Peter Warlock (British Composer)
- 1957 – Dorothy L. Sayers (British Writer)
- 1967 – Harold Holt (Prime Minister of Australia)
- 2011 – Kim Jong Il (North Korean Political Leader)
What Special Day is Today: (17 December)
- International Day to End Violence Against Sex Workers
- Kurdish Flag Day (Global Kurdish population)
- Pan American Aviation Day (United States)
- Accession Day (Bahrain)
- National Day (Bhutan)
Like other days the day (17 December) is also an important day that saw many transformations around the world.
Nations and individuals both flourished and perished on this day in history.
Nevertheless, the story of 17 December is unique and enchanting.
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