20 December: In a year, the 20th of December is the 354th day as per the Gregorian Calendar. In a leap year, it is the 355th day of the year.
What special day is today?
On this day, the Boeing 707 made its very first flight; Incandescent light was demonstrated privately by Thomas Alva Edison in New Jersey, and Macau became a part of the People’s Republic of China.
Famous birthdays include Kim Young-Sam, Sandra Cisneros, and Billy Bragg.
December 20 also marks International Human Solidarity Day.
Let’s explore what happened today.
What Happened Today? On This Day in History: 20 December
Art & Artists
- 1946 – The premiere of It’s a Wonderful Life. The Jimmy Stewart starred and Frank Capra-directed movie became a holiday classic.
- 1996 – Release of ‘Wes Craven’, the horror classic across theatres in America. The movie was known for its comic effect which was in vogue at that time.
Science & Technology
- 1951 – Arco, Idaho-based breeder reactor, the EBR-1 started to generate electricity. It became the first nuclear power plant in the world to do so.
- 1957 – The early manufacture edition of the Boeing 707 made its very first flight.
Leaders & Politics
- 1999 – Macau became a part (an administrative region) of the People’s Republic of China. It was under Portuguese rule for many centuries which ended on this day.
- 2007 – Elizabeth II, the Queen of the United Kingdom reigned for 70 years and 214 days (the longest-reigning Monarch of Britain). She became the longest-reigning British Monarch.
People & Society
- 1917 – Cheka was founded in the Soviet Union. It was the first secret police force of the Union.
- 2007 – Paintings of Pablo Picasso (The Portrait of Suzanne Bloch, 1904) and Cândido Portinari (O Lavrador de Café) were stolen from the São Paulo Museum of Art in Brazil.
Disasters: Natural & Man-made
- 1946 – A high-magnitude earthquake struck Nankaidō, Japan. The resulting tsunami destroyed around 30,000 homes and killed more than 1,000 people.
- 1987 – Dona Paz (a passenger ferry) sank after a crash with MT Vector (an oil tanker) in the Tablas Strait (the Philippines). The incident took the lives of approximately 4,000 people.
Discoveries & Explorations
- 1879 – Incandescent light was demonstrated privately by the scientist Thomas A. Edison in New Jersey (at Menlo Park).
Leisure & Sports
- 1962 – A world record was set in the indoor pole vault by Don Meyers when he jumped 16 feet, 1-1/4 inches.
- 1973 – Henri Richard (center player) from Montreal Canadien scored 1,000th point in NHL.
Birth Anniversaries (20 December)
- 1898 – Irene Dunne (Actress, America)
- 1917 – David Bohm (Physicist, America)
- 1927 – Kim Young-Sam (Former President, South Korea)
- 1954 – Sandra Cisneros (Author, America)
- 1957 – Billy Bragg (Singer, Britain)
Death Anniversaries (20 December)
- 1937 – Erich Ludendorff (General, German)
- 1968 – John Steinbeck (Novelist, America)
- 1982 – Arthur Rubinstein (Musician, America)
- 1997 – Dick Spooner (Cricketer, England)
- 2020 – Ezra Vogel (Sociologist, America)
What Special Day is Today: (20 December)
- International Human Solidarity Day
- Macau Special Administrative Region Establishment Day (Macau)
The story of the day (20 December) is based on facts and figures. The content indeed covers a wide range of topics from the spectrum of human development.
The day has been a tranquil bystander of what happened on this day in history.
We’ve endeavored to chronicle the changes that occurred across the globe.
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On This Day:
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