31 March: With so many historical changes to remember on what happened on this day in history, you are in for a treat. We have been looking at the most remarkable events that have taken place in the month of March.
With the last day in hand for this month, let’s unwrap to see what special day is today.
What Happened Today? On This Day in History: 31 March
People, Places & Politics
- 1547 – Henry II succeeded Francois I as King of France.
- 1774 – Postal service started in India, the first post office opened. On 31 March at Calcutta, the Post Office Department of the East India Company was first established.
- 1831 – Quebec & Montreal incorporated.
- 1849 – Colonel John W. Geary arrived as 1st postmaster of San Francisco.
- 1889 – Eiffel Tower officially opened in Paris. Built for the Exposition Universelle, at 300m high, it retained the record for the tallest man made structure for 41 years.
- 1905 – Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany visited Tangier, Morocco and proclaims Germany’s support of Moroccan independence and equal opportunity for all powers to trade there.
- 1916 – Dutch government ended all military engagements.
- 1918 – The first daylight savings time in US went into effect.
- 1971 – South Africa national debt hit 5.45 billion.
- 1979 – The last British soldier left the Maltese Islands. Malta declared its Freedom Day (Jum il-Helsien).
- 1930 – The Motion Picture Production Code was instituted, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in film for the next 38 years.
- 1939 – “The Hound of the Baskervilles” first of 14 films starring Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes and Nigel Bruce as Dr. Watson was released.
- 1990 – Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was posthumously awarded the highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna.
Birth Anniversaries (31 March)
- 1596 – René Descartes, French philosopher and scientist.
- 1685 – German composer Johann Sebastian Bach, who is generally considered the greatest composer of all time, was born.
- 1878 – Jack Johnson, American boxer.
- 1890 – Sir Lawrence Bragg, British physicist.
- 1906 – Tomonaga Shin’ichirō, Japanese physicist, joint winner, with Richard P. Feynman and Julian S. Schwinger of the United States, of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1965.
- 1927 – Cesar Chavez, American civil rights activist.
Death Anniversaries (31 March)
- 1727 – Isaac Newton, English physicist and mathematician.
- 1837 – John Constable, major figure in English landscape painting in the early 19th century.
- 1855 – Charlotte Brontë, British author.
- 1913 – J.P. Morgan, American financier and industrial organizer, one of the world’s foremost financial figures during the two pre-World War I decades.
What Special Day is Today: 31 March
- International Transgender Day of Visibility
- World Backup Day
Today has been a remarkable day in history. This entire month of March has some major wars, inventions and life changing discoveries throughout history. We hope you enjoyed reading this whole month and also found out what special day is today.
If you have any interesting facts to share or anything to add to the above list, please share it in the comments. We would love to hear from you.
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