His Early Life
Subhas Chandra Bose (A true revolutionary), is one of the most popular freedom fighters of our country. He was born on 23 January 1897, in Cuttack which is situated in Orissa. He was the ninth child in the family. He was born and brought up in a middle-class family. He was an intelligent student. He completed his graduation (B.A) in philosophy from the SCOTTISH CHURCH collage in Calcutta. His role model was Swami Vivekananda and he was very much inspired by his teachings. He was a patriotic student. He was sent to England by his father as he wanted him to become a civil servant, to appear for Indian Civil Service Examination. But he was always eager to take part in the freedom movement. He resigned from civil services and came back to India in April, 1921. When he came back, he was arrested and imprisoned. Netaji had to struggle a lot to go to heights and contribute to saving INDIA.
When Netaji was staying in Berlin, he met Emilie Schenkl, who belonged from Austria. He fell in love with her and married her in 1937. Emilie gave birth to a girl in 1942. Her name was Anita. After his daughter was born, Bose left Germany in 1943 and then he came back to India.
Netaji started working under the leadership of Chittaranjan Das, who left Congress and founded Swaraj Party in 1922 with Motilal Nehru. Subhas Chandra Bose started a newspaper Swaraj and which played a very important role in the life of students, youths, and labourers of Calcutta. During a Guwahati session (1928) of the Congress, there was a difference of opinion which made him resign from the party (1939). He opposed the decision of Congress to support the Britishers during the Second World War. “INDIAN NATIONAL ARMY” was the name given to Indian army by Bose.
Subhas Chandra Bose did his best as a freedom fighter to make our country independent. He disappeared after the retreat. Then he came back to Singapore and there he met Field Marshal Hisaichi Terauchi who was the head of all military operations of Southeast Asia. He arranged a flight for him to Tokoyo and that flight crashed. The great leader died on August 18, 1945. His faith in democratic INDIA was very huge. The main idea of him was the freedom of INDIA, his motherland. Even if there is need of taking the help of fascists like Hitler. His saying “GIVE ME BLOOD AND I WILL GIVE YOU FREEDOM” is popular across the world and he has another very popular saying which relates us to our country is “JAI HIND”. The International Airport in Kolkata was built in his memories and to commemorate the charismatic leader. Because of his great deeds – a love for his mother nation, he is known as “Netaji Subhas Chandra” with love.
Quotes by Subhas Chandra Bose
“One individual may die for an idea, but that idea will, after his death, incarnate itself in a thousand lives.”
“Freedom is not given, it is taken.”
“The secret of political bargaining is to look more strong than what you really are.”
“When we stand, the Azad Hind Fauj has to be like a wall of granite; when we march, the Azad Hind Fauj has to be like a steamroller.”
“No real change in history has ever been achieved by discussions.”
“It is our duty to pay for our liberty with our own blood. The freedom that we shall win through our sacrifice and exertions, we shall be able to preserve with our own strength.”
“Nationalism is inspired by the highest ideals of the human race, Satyam [the true], Shivam [the God], Sundaram [the beautiful]. Nationalism in India has… roused the creative faculties which for centuries had been lying dormant in our people.”
“Soldiers who always remain faithful to their nation, who are always prepared to sacrifice their lives, are invincible.”
“Remember that the greatest crime is to compromise with injustice and wrong.”
“A true soldier needs both military and spiritual training.”
“Men, money and materials cannot by themselves bring victory or freedom. We must have the motive-power that will inspire us to brave deeds and heroic exploits.”
“Life loses half its interest if there is no struggle–if there are no risks to be taken.”
Written By: Milan Bhardwaj